What functions are performed by colonic bacteria?

  1. Remove toxins from the gut
  2. Help produce nutrient
  3. Crowd out pathogens
  4. All of the above

ANSWER: d. Beneficial colonic bacteria species perform all of these functions. To learn more about digestion, read “Digestion,” Chapter 3 of Transcend (download pdf):  https://www.rayandterry.com/transcend/chapters.php